Who committed the most mass murders in human history? It’s not strange to be curious about who was the biggest mass murderer in history. Adolf Hitler, the mastermind behind the Holocaust, is likely what most people think the answer is. Others could pick Joseph Stalin, the dictator of the Soviet Union, who may have succeeded in killing even more innocent people than Hitler, many of them as part of a terror famine that likely claimed more lives than the Holocaust.
But Mao Zedong nong outdid both Hitler and Stalin. Up to 45 million people may have perished as a result of his Great Leap Forward strategy between 1958 and 1962, easily making it the largest instance of mass murder ever documented.
- Religion: Orthodox Spiritualism
The general public has been more forgiving of Stalin than Hitler when it comes to the use of the word “genocide.” However, one historian argues that the term genocide should be expanded after considering Stalin’s mass executions.
In his latest book, historian Norman Naimark makes the case that nations killing social classes and political parties should be included in the concept of genocide.
Many governments still conduct their affairs by mass murder. Terrifying examples have occurred in Rwanda, Cambodia, Darfur, and Bosnia during the past three decades.Yes, there has been widespread murder, but is that genocide? Norman Naimark, a history professor at Stanford, observed, “The term carries a significant punch.” The crime of crimes, according to international courts.
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Is it accurate to say that Joseph Stalin rarely gave explicit commands for murder, genocide, or repression?
Yes, but there are a lot of “buts” attached.
Stalin was a master at behind-the-scenes politics. He became successful by working as a sidekick for numerous more well-known Communists. He was given the position of general secretary. He diligently converted this simply technical position into a symbol of boundless power on a worldwide scale.
Stalin appreciated the value of the law.
We’re not sure, but he might have given specific orders to certain of his fixers to assassinate his adversaries. Stalin didn’t like to portray himself as a mafia godfather. In any case, he took care to leave no traces.
The following are The Top Ten lessons from Stalin’s lengthy and fruitful career, for those of you who are thinking about a future as a totalitarian dictator but lack the oratory skills of Trotsky, the intelligence of Hitler, or the charisma of Mao:
- No man equals no problem if men are a problem.
- Let another enemy dispose of the man if he is your opponent.
- Let a man’s friend dispose of him if you are friends with him. If he doesn’t have any pals, his wife, kids, or any random moron will do.
- Make everyone around you sign the death sentence as well if there is no other option and you must do so.
- Lock the signatures away in a location that only you can access.
- Conceal the executions. Make the departure of your adversary very, very obvious.
- Put to death the executioners.
- Play Russian roulette occasionally on your dependable helpers. People are kept on their toes by this. This also reveals a lot of hidden talents.
- The real threats emerge once all of your adversaries have been vanquished.
- Incoming friendly fire is the only thing that is deadlier than incoming enemy fire.
Stalin Murdered 60 million people, right?
No, Stalin did not murder 20 or 60 million people. Now that we know this. If we look at the Soviet Union’s population statistics, they show consistent growth from the 1920s until Stalin’s death in the middle of the 1950s, except for 1941 to 1945, when other people were killing millions of people in the USSR. Stalin did not, however. This is not meant to indicate that Stalinism was a good idea or to discount his role as a brutal ruler. Both he and it were true. But we are examining the facts and the evidence.
The 60 million deaths that occurred in the Soviet Union’s population during that time could not be concealed. Stalin was a murderer and a dictator, but he wasn’t stupid, and he was fully aware that the death of tens of millions of people would gravely harm the Soviet Union’s standing as an economic force if nothing else. And such a claim is unsupported by any evidence.
- Country: China
- Religion: Buddhism
Mao’s relentless, ruthless attempts to establish a new “socialist” China resulted in an estimated 65 million Chinese deaths, according to the official “Black Book of Communism.” He eliminated everybody who stood in his path by forced hunger, execution, or jail.
Mao considered intellectuals to be his greatest foe. Indulging in his bloodletting, the so-called Great Helmsman boasted, “What’s so strange about Emperor Shih Huang of the China Dynasty? He had only buried 460 students alive, whereas we had buried 46,000. During the Great Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966 to 1976 and turned China into a massive House of Fear, Mao was referring to one of its key “accomplishments.”
Mao’s directive to collectivize China’s agriculture under the ironic banner of the “Great Leap Forward” was the most heinous illustration of his disregard for human life. The worst famine in recorded human history was caused by a lethal confluence of false claims about grain output, catastrophic farming practices (profitable tea estates, for instance, were converted into rice fields), and unequal distribution of food.
In certain Chinese communities, more than 50% of deaths were related to famine. Between 30 and 40 million people died overall between 1959 and 1961, which is roughly the same number as the population of California.
Only five years later, when he saw China’s enthusiasm for revolution was dwindling, did Mao declare the start of the Cultural Revolution. Red Guard gangs, made up of young men and women between the ages of 14 and 21, prowled the cities in search of revisionists and other state foes, particularly teachers.
Professors had ink-stained cheeks and were decked out in hideous clothing and dunce caps. Then they were made to crawl around on all fours and start barking. For the spread of Maoism, some people were devoured and others were beaten to death. When the Red Guards started attacking Communist Party members, a hesitant Mao eventually persuaded the Red Army to put an end to the rampage, but not before 1 million Chinese were killed.
Mao maintained the laogai, a network of 1,000 camps for forced labor, throughout its expansion. According to Harry Wu, who spent 19 years in a labor camp, 50 million Chinese are believed to have entered the Chinese equivalent of the Soviet gulag between the 1950s and the 1980s. The 14-hour workdays and substandard living conditions caused twenty million deaths.
His Al Capone guiding principle, “Political power develops out of the barrel of a rifle,” is represented by such intentional savagery.
Mao Zedong is still revered as the most important leader of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao’s mausoleum, which lies at one end of the revered Tiananmen Square, is regularly visited by sizable, respectful crowds. The Forbidden City, a popular tourist destination for both Chinese and foreign visitors, has a huge painting of Mao hanging over its entrance at the opposite end of the square.
- Religion: Buddhism
- Country: Cambodia
- Killed 02 Million people
The Khmer Rouge governed Cambodia for four years, during which time it committed one of the biggest mass murders of the 20th century. Between 1975 and 1979, the cruel regime was in power and is said to have killed up to two million people.
The Khmer Rouge, led by the Marxist Pol Pot, attempted to revert Cambodia to the Middle Ages by obliging millions of city dwellers to work on communal farms in the countryside. But there was a horrible price to pay for this remarkable social engineering endeavor. Execution, famine, sickness, and overwork all claimed entire families.
- Religion: Roman Catholicism
- Country: Belgium
- Killed 10 Million People
A person who kills more than 10 million people can easily be recognized as a dictator, a savage, and placed in the same sentence as Hitler. But Leopold receives more compliments than criticism.
Many people think that King Leopold II should be compared to modern-day dictators like Hitler, Stalin, and others. Though he is not. Funny how few people are familiar with his actions and deeds and how infrequently he appears in history books. Most people associate Leopold II with founding the Congo Free State, currently known as the Democratic Republic of Congo. The fact that Leopold slaughtered over 10 million people in the Congo and plundered the nation and its resources is something that many people are unaware of. He gave much of his estate to Belgium to be preserved. From 1865 until he died in 1897, Leopold was in charge.
Louis the Conqueror:
Leopold thought that colonization must become Belgium’s primary focus if it were to be successful. Leopold states, “the kingdom must be powerful, affluent, and have colonies of her own,” in a letter the King wrote to his brother in 1888. Even before he was King, Leopold started colonizing nations as a private person. In 1876, he established a private holding corporation and began the colonization of Congo. He used the moniker “International African Society” to pass the business off as an international organization. In 1878, he recruited Henry Stanley specifically to investigate a colony in the Congo region. In 1885, Leopold ultimately founded the Congo Free State after several diplomatic moves. Back then, the nation was 76 times bigger than Belgium.
Leopold took advantage of Congo’s natural resources, exploited them, and forced the population to pay astronomical taxes to Belgium. Leopold began by exporting ivory, but after failing to get the desired results, he switched to rubber plantations.
The entire nation of Congo is now under Leopold’s shackles. As the King had his soldiers and generals to carry out instructions and execute the law in the state, he was not acting alone in this. He killed, murdered, and then consumed between 10 and 15 million people, according to certain estimations. Those figures will come under the category of “genocide” in contemporary nations. However, Leopold’s genocide in the Congo is never mentioned on the Wikipedia page for the history of genocides.
The rationale is straightforward: Leopold never receives credit for being a sadist, conqueror, or tyrant because Belgium gained so much from his rule over Congo. Leopold used camps, executions, torture, and sexual abuse of Congolese citizens to impose his rule. He also maintained a private army there.
- Country: Austria
- Religion: Christianity; Catholicity
- Killed 17 Million People
The Red Army’s liberation of the Auschwitz concentration and death camp in 1945 is commemorated on January 27. Germany has observed a day of remembrance since 1996. The International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust was established by the UN in 2005.
According to figures given by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the German Nazi dictatorship and their collaborators are believed to have killed 17 million people between 1933 and 1945. (USHMM). The projections are based on accounts from within the dictatorship as well as demographic research on population declines during World War II. The most recent estimate of homosexual victims is based on research by German historian Alexander Zinn, who studied this group of victims in great detail.
Some of the victims were killed in Germany, whether it was in jails, concentration camps, pogroms, or even in hospitals. In Poland and the former Soviet Union, there were a disproportionately high number of victims. The majority of the Jewish victims were murdered by the authorities here, where the Nazis had established extermination camps. In occupied territory, Nazi troops also shot and killed several civilians, the majority of whom were Jews. Most Russian prisoners of war were starved to death in prison camps by the Wehrmacht.
The image does not depict the deaths of German political opponents and resistance fighters who occurred in areas controlled by allied forces. The USHMM states that no estimate of their number has been made.
Paul W. Tibbets. Jr (USA)
- Country: America
The Enola Gay, the aircraft that dropped this bomb, was flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets. I don’t believe he would have welcomed this distinction based on what I’ve read about him. Colonel Tibbets said the following regarding detonating the bomb:
Do you mean the engineer who armed the bomb, the bombardier, or the pilot? Each participated in the bomb’s delivery. The pilot had the authority to terminate the pregnancy because he was in charge and operating the B-29. The weapons engineer physically retreated and armed the device as he moved toward the drop zone. It’s possible or unlikely that he connected the circuits needed to arm the device. The Bombardier could have turned off the release mechanism and prevented the bomb from being dropped. Instead, he flipped the switch that released the bomb.
But after gaining final approval from the President, General Curtis Lemey, the commanding officer of the XXL Bomber Group, granted the go-ahead. Therefore, even though the pilots received credit for dropping the bomb, they did not act alone.